Bowel Surgery – Diverticulitis
The bowel or intestine is one of the most essential parts of the digestive system. It helps in the absorption of required minerals and water from the digested food. It also helps in the secretion of the waste products of the body.
Why Is Bowel Surgery Required?
There are 3 main indications of the bowel surgery.
1. Diverticulitis – formation of small pouches in the walls of the intestine.
2. Intestine blockage – due to adhesion or scar tissue.
3. Irritable Bowel Syndrome – IBS.
4. Colon cancer – usually in older people
Symptoms Of Bowel Disease:
Symptoms of the bowel disease vary from person to person depending upon the condition they are suffering from. However, the most common symptoms include:
– Constipation or Diarrhea – Most commonly seen in Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS).
– Pain after bowel movements
– Bloody stools.
Pre-Op Preparations – What To Do Before Operation
Before surgery, mechanical bowel preparation is necessary. Enema or laxatives are used for mechanical bowel preparation for cleaning the intestine. Cleansing of the bowel prior to surgery is very important because it protects you from complications such as infection. After mechanical bowel preparation, a colonoscopy is done to confirm the diagnosis of diverticulitis. Endoscopy also helps in ruling out worrisome conditions such as colon cancer.