The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands that are located on the thyroid gland. The primary function of these glands is the production of parathyroid hormone. This hormone is one of the necessities of the human body and its function is to maintain the calcium levels in the body. Overproduction or inadequate production of this hormone may lead to serious complications..
Diseases of parathyroid gland
Parathyroid gland may function abnormally and result in one of the following conditions:
1. Hyperparathyroidism: A condition in which there is excessive production of parathyroid hormones.
2. Hypoparathyroidism: Inadequate or no production of parathyroid hormones is referred to as Hypoparathyroidism.
Parathyroid Cancer is very rare. It usually presents as hyperparathyroidism because parathyroid hormones are raised in parathyroid cancer. A mass in the neck is one of the main signs of parathyroid cancer.
- Weakness & fatigue
- Bone pain
- Muscle pain
- Muscle contraction
- Muscle weakness
- Paresthesia – loss of senses