The thyroid is one of the very important organs of the body. It is located in front of the neck. Thyroid controls various body functions that include:
- Heart rate
- Blood pressure
- And many more
Thyroid problems can impair several functions of the body.
Which conditions require thyroid surgery?
There are several conditions that may require thyroid surgery. However, mainly thyroid surgery is required in the patients who have been diagnosed with thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules that are at least 1cm in size and growing, and patients who have excessive production of thyroid hormones.
Abnormal thyroid hormone levels in the body can cause various signs and symptoms that include:
- Increased heart rate
- Diarrhea / constipation
- Muscle weakness
- Heat / cold intolerance
The removal of thyroid gland is called thyroidectomy. There are 2 kinds of thyroid surgeries:
- Partial thyroidectomy: Removal of a part of the thyroid gland.
- Total thyroidectomy: Removal of the whole thyroid gland.
The surgeon and the physician together will help you decide when to get the thyroid surgery.
Preparations for the thyroid surgery
You will be admitted to the hospital 24 hours before your thyroid surgery. You will be asked not to eat or drink anything at all. You will be kept under experts’ observation to prepare you for the surgery.